Two Party cards
On March 30, 2021, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the People's Republic of China
In the Memorial Hall of the former site of the General Headquarters of the Red Fourth Front Army in Tongjiang County, Sichuan Province, there is a red satin party member representative card, while in the Revolutionary Museum, the capital of Hubei Henan Anhui Soviet District, two thousand miles away, there is also an excellent party member card made of white cloth. These two party cards, one known as the "red party card" and the other as the "blood stained party card", were born at the same meeting more than 80 years ago.
With the upsurge of the study and education of the national party history, dozens of groups and hundreds of tourists from all over the country listen to the touching stories behind these two party cards in the memorial hall of the former site of the General Headquarters of the Fourth Red Front Army every day, and feel the firm ideals and beliefs of the ancestors, their unlimited loyalty to the Party and the fine revolutionary tradition.
In 1927, the "April 12" counter revolutionary incident shocked China and foreign countries. The revolutionary movement led by the CPC swept across China. In the spring of 1929, Chen Bo (formerly known as Chen Hanqing), 20, joined the Underground Party and the Red Army in his hometown of Hong'an, Hubei. In December 1932, the Red Fourth Front Army moved thousands of miles into Sichuan. With Tongjiang, Nanjiang and Bazhong as the core areas, it created the Sichuan Shaanxi Revolutionary Base, which was praised by Chairman Mao Zedong as the "second large region of the Soviet Republic of China". In February 1933, the first congress of the CPC Sichuan Shaanxi Provincial Committee was held in Tongjiang County, where the leadership of the Sichuan Shaanxi Provincial Committee was elected, the six level Soviet red political power was established at the provincial, municipal, county, township and village levels, more than 3800 party organizations were established, and more than 30000 party members were recruited. In more than two years, the base area has reached 42000 square kilometers and a population of about 6 million. It has won major victories in a series of battles against the "three route siege", three offensive campaigns and the "six route encirclement and suppression".
In October 1934, the Sichuan Shaanxi Provincial Party Committee held the fourth party congress in Bazhong County. The conference summarized the experience of fighting against the "six route siege", proposed "consolidating the Red Army and going across the Jialing River", and prepared to smash the "Sichuan Shaanxi suppression". The conference discussed the situation and tasks, the Party organization and the agrarian revolution and other 11 topics, and decided to commend the outstanding members of the Red Army and the local party. Sun Guofan, the representative of Party members from Enyang, attended the meeting, and the representative card was made of red satin; Chen Bo, then the secretary of the Party branch of the Red Fourth Front Army's linen factory, was commended at the meeting as an excellent party member and was issued an excellent party member card made of white cloth. After returning to Tongjiang, Chen Bo found a small piece of cowhide, carefully sewed it into a leather bag and pinned it to his waist to place the party card and the accumulated party dues.
In March 1941, when Chen Bo, who was then the deputy head of the 8th Route Army's Secret Service, was explaining the use of rolling thunder to the soldiers in Huangya Cave, Shanxi Province, he asked them to retreat outside the safety line and take up the rolling thunder as big as a watermelon for demonstration. Due to the limited conditions at that time, the quality of the rolling thunder produced was uneven. During the demonstration, the rolling thunder suddenly exploded and Chen Bo fell into a pool of blood. Although he survived miraculously after rescue, he only had his right arm and two legs that could not be bent. When he woke up, he found that the small bag was no longer there, so he immediately sent someone to look for it. Finally, he found it back. But the party card in it has been completely stained with blood, becoming a "blood stained party card".
Many Red Army officers and men who were praised in those years destroyed their Party cards to prevent them from being exposed by the enemy. But Chen Bo has been carrying this bloody party card to fight in the north and south. After liberation, he always took this party card to participate in the social and economic construction of New China.
In 1955, Chen Bo was awarded the rank of Major General and became a famous "one armed general" of our army. When children grow up and are sensible, they want to find a good job through their father's relationship and influence. He took out the blood stained party card and made family rules based on it. He would never allow anyone to use his influence to raise conditions to the organization. Finally, the eldest daughter took the initiative to work as a forestry worker at Nankou Farm in the suburb of Beijing, and other children also joined the queue in the rural areas of northern Shaanxi to receive training, eat, live and work with local farmers, and never enjoyed any special treatment.
One day in August 1982, an old man over 70 years old came to the Memorial Hall of the former site of the General Headquarters of the Red Fourth Front Army and carefully took out Sun Guofan's multi-layer red party representative card from his arms. The old man said, "This is the wish of an old party member. If you give it to me, I can rest assured." When the staff went to pour water for the old man, the old man left quietly without leaving his name.
On December 3, 2009, General Chen Bo, 101 years old, died in Beijing. Before his death, he specially entrusted his children to hand over the party certificate and the last party fee that accompanied him throughout his life to the party organization.
These two Party certificates, which have been preserved for 87 years, although they are now thousands of miles apart, have also witnessed the bloody storms of the Chinese revolution, the loyalty of a generation of Communists to the Party, and the struggle of the CPC to lead the Chinese people from suffering to glory. These precious revolutionary relics are the precious spiritual wealth left by the ancestors to the future generations. "It is the common responsibility of the whole party and society to strengthen the protection and utilization of revolutionary cultural relics, carry forward revolutionary culture and inherit the red gene. We should protect, manage and use revolutionary cultural relics effectively, give full play to the important role of revolutionary cultural relics in the study and education of party history, revolutionary tradition education, patriotism education, etc., stimulate the spiritual strength of the broad masses of cadres and the masses, and be 100 times confident in building a socialist modern country and realizing the Chinese nation in an all-round way And strive to revive the Chinese Dream. "
Different Party certificates and common mission. The ancestors wrote their infinite loyalty to the party and people with blood and life, carrying the original mission of the CPC, reminding future generations that they must inherit and carry forward the glorious revolutionary tradition, maintain their true nature, strive to practice the core socialist values, and foster family and country feelings, so as to realize the dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Mengshan Mountain is high, Yishui River is long. In the red land of Yimeng, many touching stories have emerged. The party members, cadres and troops who came here, together with the people of Yimeng, have written a chapter of the era of deep love between fish and water.
"It is hard to see the sky in Chixian County at night, the hundred year old monster dance is dancing, and the people are not reunited." Old China was poor and weak, with internal and external problems. The CPC rose up to fight, but the bitter lesson of the failure of the Great Revolution thoroughly alerted the Communists to the need to use "armed revolution" to fight against "armed counter revolution", and fully understood the truth that "power comes out of the barrel of a gun". Mao Zedong launched the Autumn Harvest Uprising and ignited the spark of the armed seizure of political power.
On May 18, the International Museum Day, an "Immersive Ideological and Political Course" opened by Wuhan Revolutionary Museum. The audience started from Wuchang Agricultural Lecture Center, passed by Mao Zedong's former residence and the site of the Fifth Congress of the Communist Party of China, and finally came to the History Exhibition Hall of Discipline Construction of the CPC.