Programme of Action for Keeping Pace with the Times
Yuanbao Village, Shangzhi City, Heilongjiang Province, is the place where the story of the novel "Storm" takes place. Now the village has a spacious cement road, which makes it hard to recall the scene in the novel where "Old Sun Tou" drives a carriage to sink in a few steps.
In the 1940s, Yuanbao Village was also called Yuanbaotun, also known as the "naked buttocks village". Many people had only one pair of trousers, and whoever went out wore them. The basic reason why farmers work hard but lack food and clothing is that they have no land.
One day in late July 1946, a 15 member task force with Xiao Hongda as the leader and Zhou Libo as the deputy leader came to Yuanbao Village, beside the Songhua River, to carry out land reform. The team members called a farmers' meeting, and few of them came to attend. It turned out that the landlord invited the theatrical troupe to the village in order to make trouble. The peasants went to see the Errenzhuan. How to open up the situation has become a difficult problem for the task force.
One year ago, the Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held successfully. The Seven Party Constitutions clearly stated that the task of the Party at that stage was to "fight for the liberation of foreign imperialists' aggression against the Chinese nation, for the elimination of domestic feudalism's oppression of the Chinese people, for the establishment of an independent, free, democratic, unified and powerful alliance of revolutionary classes and a new democratic federal republic of free association of all nationalities, and for the realization of world peace and progress".
The Party Constitution is the pointer to action, and the Party's lines, principles and policies are written in it. The seven party constitutions systematically elaborated the party's mass line for the first time, "let's mobilize and organize millions of people, overcome all obstacles, bypass all hidden reefs, go to their own goals, and constantly train their own team".
The Party's objectives, lines, principles and policies point out the direction for the task force in difficulties. Xiao Hongda and Zhou Libo led the team members to hold activist training classes and study classes for many times. They helped the villagers work during the day and talked at the villagers' houses at night. They explained the reason why the farmers were poor in a popular way, so that they knew that as long as they united, they could overthrow the old society and liberate themselves.
The team broke the farmers' ideological concerns, and the team members continued to organize poor farmers to draw up land distribution plans, leading them to measure land, evaluate grades, and divide young crops. After more than a year and three land divisions, the land reform of Yuanbaotun was basically completed.
Zhou Libo, based on the experience of land reform in Yuanbaotun, wrote the novel Storm. The archetype of the land reform captain Xiao Xiang in the story is Xiao Hongda. Zhao Yulin, who is called "Zhao Guangding", has impressed many readers. Yuanbaotun is also known as "the first village of land reform in China".
Under the leadership of the Party, a stormy land reform enabled the poor people in Yuanbaotun to share land and become masters. However, the road ahead of exploration is full of difficulties. At the beginning of the reform and opening up, this "China's first land reform village", with a collective debt of 270000 yuan, was still a "three dependent village" that relied on food rebates, living on relief, and spending money on loans.
In 1980, Zhang Baojin served as the secretary of the village party branch. "The debt of 270000 yuan looks small now, but it was a huge sum at that time. If we do not change our thinking and keep up with the pace of reform, we will not finish farming for decades." Zhang Baojin recalled.
Two years later, the Twelfth National Congress of the Communist Party of China adopted a new Party Constitution to adapt to the new era of modernization. The Constitution of the Twelfth National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly pointed out that "the focus of the work of the CPC is to lead the people of all ethnic groups in the socialist modernization economic construction".
How to implement the Party's line, principles and policies established in the Party Constitution and give play to the role of grass-roots Party branches as a battleground? How to develop the village collective economy and lead the masses to become rich? A party meeting was held to determine the future of Yuanbao Village. Everyone said, "What should we do in the future? Let's listen to the Party. The Party branch should lead the work."
The reform and opening up policy was actively implemented. Yuanbao Village implemented the household contract responsibility system with remuneration linked to output. The villagers' enthusiasm for production was greatly improved. Through scientific farming and fine management, the problem of food and clothing was quickly solved. However, Zhang Baojin was not satisfied. He was full of worries about the future: it was becoming more and more difficult to increase grain production. How could people become rich? What should Party members and cadres do when land is contracted?
"According to the Party's line, we should do whatever we can to achieve good development." Zhang Baojin said, "If we want to lead the masses to become rich, we must respond to the call of our superiors to set up village run enterprises and enrich farmers with industry.". The development path of "based on agriculture, taking advantage of industry, promoting agriculture through industry, and flying together" has opened the way for Yuanbao Village to become rich.
In 1985, Zhang Baojin took the lead in raising 37000 yuan from his own savings to set up a small wood farm tool processing plant in combination with the rich timber resources in the surrounding mountains. After painstaking efforts, the company made a profit of more than 20000 yuan that year.
The village won the first barrel of gold for development. Yuanbao Village seized on the victory and started village owned enterprises such as sanitary chopsticks factory, pencil board factory and pen factory. The village's collective economy has achieved "fission" development, and Yuanbao Village has gradually removed the label of poverty.
In 1997, the output value of Yuanbao Village reached 100 million yuan, becoming a "100 million yuan village".
Yuanbao Village, with rapid industrial development, has not forgotten agriculture. The Party branch of Yuanbao Village focuses on modern agriculture and invests in farmland and water conservancy. The implementation of comprehensive management of small watersheds, transformation of medium and low yield fields, development of paddy fields, and construction of trunk canals... Yuanbao Village has changed the past history of relying on nature for farming.
Yuanbao Village has become rich and the people live a better life, but the village Party branch dare not slack off. "We should not just stare at our eyes, but do something that will not lag behind for 50 years." Zhang Baojin gave everyone a question, "How to go in the future?"
In late October 2017, at the morning meeting of the Party branch of Yuanbao Village, Zhang Baojin led party members and cadres to study the report of the 19th National Congress and the Party Constitution of the 19th National Congress.
Follow the path guided by the Party Central Committee and the path determined by the Party Constitution. In the new era, Yuanbao Village has embarked on the road of green development and rural revitalization. In order to leave a "green bank" for future generations and establish a timber base for the development of village enterprises, Zhang Baojin organized villagers to plant trees in the nearby barren mountains to build a "10000 mu ecological forest" integrating economic forest, ornamental forest and teaching forest. There are 74 rare trees such as spruce, pinus sylvestris, korean pine, birch and larch.
"When farming is busy, they work in enterprises. Now, villagers have two incomes, and everyone is rich." Zhao Xuechun, the great grandson of Zhao Yulin, is the deputy director of a pencil factory. He said that today's pencil factory innovates raw materials, updates production equipment, and orders for environment-friendly pencils keep flowing.
From carrying out land reform to establishing collective enterprises; From prospering industry to enriching farmers; From simply paying attention to the growth rate to implementing the new development concept... Zhang Baojin, who has served as the village party branch secretary for 41 years, said, "The great change in Yuanbao Village is due to believing in the Party in everything. Learn the Party Constitution well, implement the Party's policies well, and integrate with the actual situation of the village. There is nothing that can not be done well."
Over the past hundred years since the founding of the Party, our Party has grasped the requirements of the times and the needs of the people according to the situation and tasks in different historical periods, constantly summarized historical successful experiences, timely embodied the major achievements of practical innovation, theoretical innovation and institutional innovation in the Party Constitution, and revised and improved the Party Constitution with the times. The Party Constitution promotes the cause of the Party and guides, witnesses and demonstrates the glorious process of our Party's growth, maturity, development and expansion.
The descendants of "Zhao Guangchao" became rich. In 2020, the total assets of Yuanbao Village will be 735 million yuan, and the per capita disposable income will be 33300 yuan. Before and after the Tomb Sweeping Day, the rebuilt "Storm" Memorial Hall in Yuanbao Village attracted tourists from afar to visit and take pictures. Outside the memorial hall, there is a new socialist countryside scene of "seeing mountains, seeing water and remembering homesickness".
Mengshan Mountain is high, Yishui River is long. In the red land of Yimeng, many touching stories have emerged. The party members, cadres and troops who came here, together with the people of Yimeng, have written a chapter of the era of deep love between fish and water.
"It is hard to see the sky in Chixian County at night, the hundred year old monster dance is dancing, and the people are not reunited." Old China was poor and weak, with internal and external problems. The CPC rose up to fight, but the bitter lesson of the failure of the Great Revolution thoroughly alerted the Communists to the need to use "armed revolution" to fight against "armed counter revolution", and fully understood the truth that "power comes out of the barrel of a gun". Mao Zedong launched the Autumn Harvest Uprising and ignited the spark of the armed seizure of political power.
On May 18, the International Museum Day, an "Immersive Ideological and Political Course" opened by Wuhan Revolutionary Museum. The audience started from Wuchang Agricultural Lecture Center, passed by Mao Zedong's former residence and the site of the Fifth Congress of the Communist Party of China, and finally came to the History Exhibition Hall of Discipline Construction of the CPC.