The discipline of thunder, stone and iron
There is a 3m long and 2m wide granite in Jingzhu Mountain, Ciping Town, Jiangxi Province, with cracks on the top, called "Leidashi".
On October 24, 1927, the workers' and peasants' revolutionary army soldiers lined up at the foot of Jingzhu Mountain and marched toward the center of Jinggangshan Mountain. It is the autumn harvest season. Soldiers often eat sweet potatoes from fellow villagers. In order to enforce discipline, Mao Zedong stood on the "Thunderstone" and proposed three rules: "First, follow the command in action; second, do not take a sweet potato from the masses; third, return to the public when fighting local tyrants." These three rules later developed into the "three disciplines" known to many people.
"Thundered stone, iron discipline!" Xiao Youhua, former curator of Jinggangshan Revolutionary Museum, said, "The first thing Mao Zedong did after he went up the mountain was to set rules and discipline."
In January 1928, after the Workers' and Peasants' Revolutionary Army occupied Suichuan County, it sent people to the countryside to lead the poor peasants to fight the local tyrants. In the process of carrying out the task, the soldiers strictly abide by the rules and regulations, showing a different spirit from the old army.
Since then, Mao Zedong held a meeting in Lijiaping, Suichuan County, and announced "six points for attention": doorboards; Bundle and pave grass; Speak kindly; Fair trading; Borrow something and return it; Damages must be compensated. Soldiers paint these disciplines on the wall and write them on the cloth. When marching, the cloth is carried behind them. When camping, they hang it on the wall. Wherever they go, they publicize it and implement it.
In April 1928, the "Three Major Disciplines and Six Points for Attention" were put forward in parallel for the first time in Guidong County, Hunan Province. Easy to understand language and specific and detailed regulations are convenient for soldiers to remember and implement. Half a year later, the Resolution of the Second Party Congress in the counties along the Hunan Jiangxi border pointed out that "iron discipline" is the main spirit of the Bolshevik Party. Only in this way can the Party's path to non proletariat be stopped. "
Forging an iron revolutionary team with iron discipline, the Communists successfully smashed the enemy's military "suppression" and economic blockade in the arduous Jinggangshan struggle, and achieved a great victory in exploring the new road of China's revolution.
The team coming out of Jinggangshan has gone through the great river, north and south, and thousands of rivers and mountains. The content of "three major disciplines and six points of attention" has been constantly supplemented and improved, enriched and developed into "three major disciplines and eight points of attention", which is not only the iron and steel discipline of the people's army, but also the "high-voltage line" that all Party members cannot touch.
"Three Major Disciplines and Eight Points for Attention" is one of the symbols of strengthening discipline construction of our Party during the period of democratic revolution. In September 1920, Cai Hesen, who was seeking the truth of saving the country through work study in France, wrote a letter to Mao Zedong, proposing for the first time that "the Party's discipline is iron discipline". During the Yan'an Rectification Movement, Mao Zedong vividly pointed out that the hoops on Sunwalker's head were gold, and the discipline of the Communist Party was iron, which was stronger and harder than Sunwalker's gold hoops.
The first major party program emphasizes confidentiality discipline, the second major party constitution opens a special chapter of "discipline", the five major party constitutions detail the provisions and review procedures for discipline violations, the second plenary session of the seventh central committee put forward "two musts" and "six musts" in Xibaipo, after the founding of New China, Liu Qingshan and Zhang Zishan will be severely punished, and the discipline inspection organs will be restored and rebuilt in the new era of reform and opening up... It is with iron discipline as a guarantee that our party can grow from small to large, from weak to strong, Overcome difficulties and difficulties one by one, and win victories in revolution, construction and reform one by one.
Haixi Prefecture, Qinghai Province, is the peripheral barrier of the source of the three rivers and an important part of Qilian Mountain Nature Reserve, which is of great significance for ecological protection. The alpine meadow at the southern foot of Qilian Mountains, with an altitude of more than 4000 meters, has been torn open by human beings due to years of indiscriminate digging and mining, forming many huge sinkholes.
In 2014, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) made important instructions to resolutely stop destructive mining in Muli mining area and restore and improve the environment. However, some people have "set up another set", illegally mining coal in Muli mining area for a long time, which has caused serious damage to the ecological environment.
Strict political discipline is the most important thing for strict Party discipline. The investigation and handling of cases should begin with political issues. In August 2020, after the illegal coal mining problem in Muli Mining Area was exposed, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the National Supervision Commission, together with many departments and the Qinghai Provincial Party Committee, formed an investigation team to thoroughly investigate the relevant problems in view of the ineffective implementation of the CPC Central Committee's decision on ecological environment protection by relevant units and departments. Disciplinary inspection and supervision organs at all levels in Qinghai set up investigation teams to investigate the suspected dereliction of duty, dereliction of duty and corruption of public officials.
In the investigation, as long as violations of discipline and laws are found, they will be investigated to the end and will not be tolerated. In September 2020, Wen Guodong, the former vice governor of Qinghai Province, the former secretary of Haixi Prefecture Party Committee and the former secretary of the Party Working Committee of Qaidam Circular Economy Pilot Zone, was put on file for review and investigation by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the National Supervision Commission. Before and after that, Liang Yanguo, the former member of the Standing Committee of Haixi Prefecture of Qinghai Province, the former executive deputy secretary of the Party Working Committee and the former executive deputy director of the management committee of the Qaidam Circular Economy Pilot Zone, Li Yongping, the former member of the Party Working Committee of the Qaidam Circular Economy Pilot Zone, the former full-time deputy director of the management committee and the head of the original Muli Coal Field Administration Bureau, and many other cadres fell down one after another.
In view of the illegal coal mining problem in Muli Mining Area, Qinghai filed a case to investigate and deal with 15 leading cadres who seriously violated disciplines and laws, including 4 provincial management cadres. At the same time, Qinghai has strengthened the work of promoting reform through cases, and established and improved the system of registration, filing and accountability of leading cadres' illegal involvement in project construction, mineral resources development, and the "blacklist" of enterprise bribery.
Iron age is like a mountain. In 2020, the national discipline inspection and supervision authorities will use "four forms" of criticism and education to help and handle 1.954 million person times. Among them, 1.33 million people used the first form of conversation, letters, reminders and criticisms; Use the second form to give light punishment and organizational adjustment 485000 person times; The third form was used to give 71000 person times of heavy punishment and post adjustment; The fourth form was used to deal with 68000 people who seriously violated disciplines, laws and criminal laws, including 17000 people who were suspected of duty crimes and transferred to procuratorial organs.
The eight regulations of the Central Committee were issued, the rules of integrity and self-discipline and the regulations on party discipline were revised, discipline education was carried out in depth, "four forms" were explored and practiced, and discipline construction was included in the overall layout of party construction... The screws of discipline were tightened in the new era and new journey.
In the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Museum, a yellow square cloth is eye-catching. This is the daily marching supplies of the Red Army soldiers in the Jinggangshan Period. Although the cloth was stained with blue and black ink, the lines written with a brush were vigorous and powerful, and the details of the "six notes" were clear. "Discipline is combat effectiveness, and more importantly, it is the will of the people." In an interview with reporters, Xiao Youhua said that people who came to Jinggangshan to study and visit deeply felt that a single spark could start a prairie fire? It is the light of ideal and the power of discipline.
Mengshan Mountain is high, Yishui River is long. In the red land of Yimeng, many touching stories have emerged. The party members, cadres and troops who came here, together with the people of Yimeng, have written a chapter of the era of deep love between fish and water.
"It is hard to see the sky in Chixian County at night, the hundred year old monster dance is dancing, and the people are not reunited." Old China was poor and weak, with internal and external problems. The CPC rose up to fight, but the bitter lesson of the failure of the Great Revolution thoroughly alerted the Communists to the need to use "armed revolution" to fight against "armed counter revolution", and fully understood the truth that "power comes out of the barrel of a gun". Mao Zedong launched the Autumn Harvest Uprising and ignited the spark of the armed seizure of political power.
On May 18, the International Museum Day, an "Immersive Ideological and Political Course" opened by Wuhan Revolutionary Museum. The audience started from Wuchang Agricultural Lecture Center, passed by Mao Zedong's former residence and the site of the Fifth Congress of the Communist Party of China, and finally came to the History Exhibition Hall of Discipline Construction of the CPC.